File puptcrit/puptcrit.0811, message 30

Date: Sat, 1 Nov 2008 16:32:08 -0400
Subject: Re: [Puptcrit] terms for puppet types

My understanding, from my recollection of my readings of the history  
of Victorian Marionettes, is that originally rod-marionettes were  
commonly used for dramas, while the all string ones were just used  
for specialty trick puppets. By the late 19th Century (1880's) the  
traveling troupes in England and the U.S. began performing dramas  
with the all string type. The rod-marionettes continued in traditions  
in Belgium and Flanders as well as in Sicily and the Czech region. I  
believe only one of the Sicilian family traditions were large and  
heavy, the other regional traditions were somewhat smaller and lighter.

Fred Greenspan - Traditional Puppeteer
Ossining, New York
Punch & Judy, Italian marionettes, flea circus

On Nov 1, 2008, at 8:19 PM, Alan Cook wrote:

> A major reason for the metal rods to Pupi heads is the WEIGHT  
> FACTOR. Sicilian puppets tend to be among the heaviest.
> The rod to the right hand (or sword hand) avoids a penulum effect,  
> is more direct---it just makes sense.
> As for the small Czech marionettes with a wire to the head, weiht  
> is not such a factor. But the market for little string puppets was  
> for home theaters, and with the wire, the strings are less apt to  
> tangle.
> After retiring the Turnabout Theater, which used only strings on  
> his marionetes, Harry Burnett made a "tangleproof" series of  
> marionettes to sell, which used a sturdy  wire to the head..
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