File spoon-archives/marxism-general.archive/marxism-general_1996/96-12-18.142, message 52


Subject: M-G: Re: The Riddle of Abimael Guzman is Again Haunting Peru
Date: Tue, 17 Dec 1996 08:48:10 -0800


They should Kill "The Killer" abimael guzman.


> 
> THE RIDDLE OF ABIMAEL GUZMAN IS AGAIN HAUNTING PERU
> 
> No One Has Seen the Guerilla Leader Since the Day of His 
> Detention in 1992.  Shining Path Continues to Fight.
> 
> by Alberto Cruz   
> 
> On September 12 1992, Chairman Gonzalo, the top leader of the 
> Maoist guerillas in Peru - known all over the world as The 
> Shining Path - was arrested in Lima.
> 
> On September 26 he was transferred to the island jail of San 
> Lorenzo. In April 1993, having all this time been kept in 
> isolation and unable to meet or speak with absolutely no one, he 
> is again transferred to the Navy Special Operations Base in La 
> Punta (Callao).  Here he is confined in a purpose built 
> underground cell to which only the agents of the National 
> Intelligence Service (SIN) have access.
> 
> Since the moment of Guzman's purported transferral to La Punta, 
> no one knows anything from him.  Neither his family nor legal 
> counsel have been allowed to see him.  All Guzman's links to the 
> outside world have been cut and the Fujimori regime has not 
> hesitated in resorting to extreme and "exemplary" measures 
> reinforcing this situation:  Alfredo Crespo, Guzman's attorney, 
> was condemned to life imprisonment accused of "treason to the 
> motherland".  The same fate was dealt to Jorge Cartagena, 
> attorney for Martha Huatay, another leader of the Communist Party 
> of Peru (Shining Path).
> 
> Why all this secrecy?  After three years of his "disappearance" 
> the question of Guzman is back in full strength in Peru. 
> 
> The only thing known is a letter purportedly hand written and 
> signed by him and by Elena Iparraguirre, another leader of 
> "Shining Path" in which a call for peace and for the cessation of 
> armed struggle is made.  The letter is dated September 15, 1993 
> and it was widely commented on in the Peruvian media when that 
> country's president, Alberto Fujimori, released it at the 
> Ordinary Session of the United nations of October 1, 1993.
> 
> PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE
> 
> This was the first move in a classical psychological warfare 
> campaign aimed at portraying the Maoist organisation as 
> "headless", directionless, disoriented, and above all, divided.  
> The image of Shining Path as a collapsing organisation is 
> promoted, suggesting that the reason for this collapse would be 
> precisely the peace proposal.  The police presents over 7,000 
> prisoners as "Shining Path" militants in order to give 
> credibility to this offensive of the regime and of a small group 
> of prisoners from the Lima jail of Canto Grande who announced the 
> convening of a "Second Congress of the PCP" which would recant 
> the line of continuation of the armed struggle in order to adopt 
> the line of "mass struggle while favourable conditions for war do 
> not arise".
> 
> However, Shining Path continues with its military actions, even 
> operating within Lima.  Public opinion is beginning to question 
> if Abimael Guzman is at all involved in this affair, and if the 
> famous letters renouncing armed struggle are or not part of a 
> farce.  "After all these years Fujimori continues without 
> presenting Guzman in good health.  On the contrary, he presents 
> letters and videos.  If an agreement between Fujimori and Guzman 
> had been reached, they would have presented them both shaking 
> hands on television. At least, Guzman would have been able to 
> communicate with someone other than police and military 
> personnel.  However, none of that has happened, and therefore one 
> must think the worst, that this is another criminal action on the 
> part of the Peruvian regime.  At the very least, it is pertinent 
> to consider the prisoner as a "disappeared person", and one 
> should expect human rights organisms to take a stand on this 
> issue".  Those thoughts are now being openly discussed in Peru.
> 
> "Oiga", the Peruvian magazine, was the first in opening this 
> Pandora's box of suspicions about the authenticity of the peace 
> letters and has advanced the possibility that the PCP leaders 
> "may have been drugged with tablets or injections".  Even former 
> President Fernando Belaunde Terry has said that the letters 
> "awake well grounded suspicions of blatant manipulation". The 
> Peruvian weekly "Si" has alleged that these letters "were 
> concocted using 4 drafts, some of which were elaborated by a 
> commission of SIN operatives".
> 
> Two key individuals who featured in the story of the 
> "arrest-disappearance" of Guzman took part in this commission:  
> The psychiatrist Segisfredo Luza and the CIA man Vladimiro 
> Montesinos, Fujimori's Personal Advisor, a former Infantry 
> Captain in the Army and a man involved in myriad murky affairs.
> 
> 
> CONTRITE REBELS        
> 
> Montesinos, the man regarded as the key piece in this game, is 
> the one who, together with Nicolas Hermoza Rios, organised the 
> "self-coup" of April 5, 1992 which gave Fujimori absolute powers. 
> Moreover, Montesinos must also be credited with designing a 
> policy of "repentance" which has resulted in the release of those 
> leaders and supporters of the PCP advocating the alleged 
> directives of Abimael Guzman renouncing the armed struggle in 
> order to create conditions for a Second Party Congress that would 
> uphold their positions.  
> 
> Among these people is Osman Morote Barrionuevo who was arrested 
> in 1988, shortly after the First Congress of the PCP, a man who 
> was then regarded as the "number two" leader in that 
> organisation.  There is also Javier Esparza, who has been 
> circulating through several European countries representing the 
> PCP since 1980. This man who has family connections with Guzman's 
> relatives has taken advantage of Guzman's in-laws.  Esparza has 
> convinced them of the authenticity of the peace proposals while 
> disguising the con-trick perpetrated by Peruvian military 
> intelligence.
> 
> CONFUSED SITUATION
> 
> This situation is not clear.  Shining Path continues to operate 
> in the north of Peru and some of their columns reach into Lima.  
> According to data released by SIN, at the time of Guzman's 
> arrest, Shining Path had around 8,000 members, 4,000 in the 
> People's Guerilla Army and around 2,600 in the PCP itself.
> 
> If one were to believe the data of the intelligence services and 
> accept as real the number of those arrested following Guzman's 
> arrest one would have to believe that all that is left of Shining 
> Path is around 1,000 people in arms.  However, then the question 
> arises, how and under what sort of conditions would that 
> hypothetical Second Congress of the Communist Party of Peru take 
> place?
> 
> To all these questions one must also add an organisation which is 
> presented as a splinter group of PCP that calls itself "Red 
> Shining Path" and which rejects the peace letters in which Guzman 
> purportedly recognises the political and military defeat of his 
> own guerilla movement. 
> 
> (This valuable article is from Egin, a daily newspaper published 
> in Spain.  The above version is an exact reproduction of the text 
> appearing in Egin's edition of June 23, 1996) 
> 
> ===============================================================> Next from EL DIARIO INTERNATIONAL #37
> OCTOBER 1996 - PUBLISHED IN BRUSSELS, BELGIUM:
> 
> BARRY McCAFFREY AND MONTESINOS
> 
> THE GODFATHERS OF FUJIMORI'S DRUG CARTEL
> ===============================================================> 
> <----  End Forwarded Message  ---->
> 


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