File spoon-archives/marxism-international.archive/marxism-international_1996/96-11-13.154, message 108


Date: Wed, 13 Nov 1996 00:12:52 -0500 (EST)
Subject: M-I: Maoists Seize City in Peru


MAOIST REBELS TAKE OVER THE CITY OF VENTANILLA-CALLAO, NEAR LIMA.

On October 28, 1996, at 7 AM, about one hundred guerrilla combatants
took over the urban zone named  "Mi Peru" in Ventanilla-Callao where
45,000 people live. A large crowd of people shouting "Long Live the
People's War, Down with the murderer Fujimori" marched to the main
square of the city welcoming the PCP fighters. Along the way, the masses
sprayed the walls of homes and buildings with PCP mottos and placed red
flags. The Mayor of the city Carlos Chacaltana, was captured by the
combatants but subsequently released after he resigned and handled the
authority to a truly elected people's representative. The military base
of "Mi Peru" withdrew as quickly as they could in the face of the
powerful attack of the rebels that penetrated the city from three
directions.  Even the reactionary press has denounced the action of the
armed forces by stating that they are good at killing unarmed civilians
but cowards when faced by the PCP's People's Army of Liberation. (La
Republica, October 23, 1996)

     ASHANINKAS COMBAT AGAINST ARMY AND PARAMILITARY.

Hundreds of combatants of the Ashaninka nation,  members of the People's
Army of Liberation, attacked  army posts in three communities of the
province of Satipo, Central Peru. The guerrilla offensive was carried
out at 10 AM on September 30, 1996. The Maoist rebels took over the
communities of Matireni, Shimapango, and Chikireni. At least two dozen
soldiers and many paramilitary (rondas) were killed  (El Comercio,
October 10, 1996.)  On October 4, at 9 PM, two other PCP Ashaninka
contingents attacked the military garrison of Pichakia and took over the
town in the midst of a joyful and cheering population. Three soldiers 
and three  paramilitaries were killed in combat.  The reactionary press
in Lima lamented the successful guerrilla offensive  (El Comercio,
October 10, 1996).

LIMA-LA VICTORIA. A PCP urban contingent ambushed and killed three
members of the counterinsurgent forces of Fujimori at Ave. Paranicochas,
District of  La Victoria. All weapons and military records were captured
by the rebels.  (El Sol, October 5, 1996)

PUCALLPA. Military clashes between the reactionary Navy forces  and a
PCP contingent took place in several districts of  the province of 
Pucallpa. In the capital Pucallpa, red flags and revolutionary graffiti
appeared on walls and highways. A radio station was seized by the
Maoists and transmitted revolutionary speeches, poetry and music.  In
the town of Minasa, the reactionary Navy on the run cowardly kidnaped
two minors, Julio A.L. (12) and Hugo C.R.D. (17) from their homes 
(Expreso, El Comercio October, 3, 1996)

POLICE STATIONS ATTACKED BY REBELS IN NORTHERN PERU (LA LIBERTAD) 

A mobile Maoist guerrilla contingent made up of at least of 100
combatants attacked the military installations of Sarin, Coina,
Huaranchal, Julcan, Santiago de Chuco, and Otuzco in the  Department of 
La Libertad. Several members of the repressive forces were killed or
wounded. Most of the authorities appointed by Fujimori resigned on the
spot  and were granted a pardon by the insurgents.

Few days later, Fujimori's reactionary Army arrived at the community of
Coina, detained and beat  Lt. Governor Genaro Avalos,  charged him with
"treason" for "not activating the army run paramilitary rondas."  (El 
Comercio, October 23th) In other parts of the country, in Tingo Maria
(Central Peru), at least three Maoist guerrilla contingents are
operating in the Province of Leoncio Prado, especially in the district
of Herminio Valdizan. This guerrilla offensive has prompted the
resignation of more than 30 military-appointed authorities, among them
mayors and governors. (El Sol, October 10, 1996)

TRYING TO HIDE THE GUERRILLA ATTACKS THE DICTATORSHIP FABRICATES A NEW
HOAX,  ATTEMPTING TO MURDER  PRESIDENT GONZALO IN PRISON. 
                                       "THE WEDDING OF GUZMAN"

The CIA-Fujimori hoaxes that  "Sendero asked for  peace talks" and
"Guzman has capitulated" have  been shattered into pieces by  the
powerful People's War that has carried out thousands of guerrilla
actions since September, 1992. Now,  the National Intelligence Services
and its CIA masters came up with a new psychological warfare campaign:
"Guzman has asked  to be wed  with Elena Iparraguirre."  It is known by
the Red Cross and others that President Gonzalo is completely isolated
>from the outside world, and from the other prisoners who are being kept
underground at the Naval base of  El Callao, near Lima.  The same
International Red Cross has denounced that he is being kept there under 
an intense psychological and physical torture.

Traitorous revisionists such as the limping dog Javier Diez Canseco
participates in the scheme  to legitimize  SIN's hoax. He said: "This
shows that Guzman is not being punished as he should. He has privileged
treatment in jail." (La Republica, October 14, 1996) 
 
What is the purpose of the new hoax? In the short term, it seeks to
divert attention and distract and confuse the world public opinion about
the victories of the Red October guerrilla offensive in Peru.  Every
year, the PCP celebrates its Anniversary with bold political and
military actions in the entire country as wells as  the October
revolution in the former USSR, and the 30th Anniversary of the Great
Proletarian Cultural Revolution, with more armed struggle against the
reactionary State, imperialism, and its puppet Fujimori regime. Another
aim of the new hoax, the "wedding of Guzman," is more sinister: The
enemy is  planning to assassinate President Gonzalo, and have a
"successor," supposedly  Elena Iparraguirre (another prisoner at the
Navy military base) to generate more  counterrevolutionary propaganda
against the People's War. The "wedding of Guzman" along with the hoax 
"peace agreement," are two soap operas produced and publicized by SIN
and La Republica, a  paper controlled by the intelligence services,  as
a psychological warfare against the people, a futile attempt to
demoralize international supporters  of the glorious people's war in
Peru. 

MASSIVE ARRESTS, STATE OF EMERGENCIES AND HOODED JUDGES CONTINUES.
TERRORIST MASKED JUDGES IS THE HALLMARK OF THE FASCIST REGIME.

In March 1995, Fujimori's Minister of Justice reassured the UN's Human
Rights Commissioner and the Clinton Administration that the draconian
faceless judges would be eliminated by July 1995. The same deadline to
"annihilate Sendero" was boasted by Fujimori.  Well, 1996 is almost
over, and the reality is that the tyrannical regime is the one being
defeated by the raging People's  War. If not, what would be the reason
for US imperialism and its puppet Fujimori to intensify the low
intensity warfare against the people?  It will remain as is until the
old regime is completely demolished by the People's War led by the PCP.

Despite the hypocritical outcry of the U. S. funded "Human Rights"
groups, the regime promulgated the continuation of the "hooded judges"
until October 15, 1997 (which in Peru means indefinitely.)  The
infamous  "hooded judges" are military officers, many of them notorious
killers and narcotraffickers (e.g., general Valdivia), acting as party
and judge at the same time,  in mock "trials" conducted at draconian
military tribunals since 1993. The continuation of the hooded judges and
the state of emergency imposed in almost 2/3 of the country are
desperate actions of the dictator that show to the world  the bold
advances of the People's War in the struggle to Conquer Power
countrywide. It also shows that  the struggles of the masses for
democratic rights and against hunger and misery, which are led from the
bottom by the PCP, is unmasking  the charade of  "democracy" and
"respect for human rights" of  the dictatorship.   

U.S. ARMED FORCES TRAIN PERUVIAN BUTCHERS.

A U.S. joint military maneuver code-named "Unitas 37" with the Peruvian
navy and Air Force was held on October 12th. Eight hundred fifty (850)
Yankee and Peruvian marines were backed by warplanes trained with live
ammunition and heavy artillery during the day near Ancon (Northern
Lima). There were two Peruvian warships "Eten" and "Callao" and the
Yankee, "La Moure Country," under the command of Admiral James Ferguson
III. Furthermore, on or about October 15 and 26, the 24th Inter American
War Games, under the command of the U.S. Armed forces took place in the
coast of Peru. Among the participant countries were: Argentina, Ecuador,
Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, U.S., Mexico, Uruguay,
Venezuela and Peru. What are the imperialists are afraid of? There is
only one real war, in Peru: The People's War led by the invincible
Communist Party of Peru (PCP).

Peru People's Movement, November 1996


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