File spoon-archives/marxism-international.archive/marxism-international_1997/marxism-international.9710, message 118

Date: Tue, 7 Oct 1997 14:23:18 -0400 (EDT)
Subject: Re: M-I: Re: Zizek on PKs

On Tue, 7 Oct 1997, Doug Henwood wrote:


> Rakesh, on this issue, and on the social democracy issue, you're seeing
> monoliths in place of complex and contradictory phenomena. To say that
> Hitler completed the work of the social dems, or that mass relgious
> uprisings in the U.S. are proto-fascist events, is worthy of the crude
> Marxism of a Malecki or an Oleachea.
> Doug

This world consists of phenomena (some simple, some complex) which
are full of contradictions. So it is correct when analyzing a phenomena
or a process that these contraditions have to be considered. However,
at a given time and space, it is *crucial* and much more important
(and difficult) to delineate the different aspects of the contradiction
and also to find out which aspect is dominating at a *concrete* moment
of time in a given process (since equilibrium between the aspects is 
relative and temporary while the conflict is absolute). 

In a dynamic process, these aspects of a contradiction (which are a
unity and conflict of opposites) and the balance between them, are
continually changing over time. Thus, hot becomes cold, night turns to
day, capitalism transforms into socialism and vice versa, Castro becomes a
social democrat on his way to becoming God knows what .), living things
grow old and pass away, etc. A great seer, revolutionary or a scientist
has the ability to understand and "ride" these contradictions and make
use of them for his/her or a social purpose. By doing this successfully,
one passes from the land of neccessity and enters the realm of freedom.

So Doug, I am sorry to sound like a school teacher but I mean this 
sincerely. This point that things are changing continuously is forgotten
repeatedly by us (myself included) as is evident in the  recent angry post
by Carroll Cox under this thread.

S. Chatterjee   

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